Using An Improved Metre Rule To Teach Measurement of length in Metres, Centimetres and Millimetres in Basic Five.


Background to the Study

Teaching and learning as a process has been with man since creation. Man (teachers in Ghana) since antiquity has sort to search for the best possible means of helping learners (pupils) at the basic level of Ghana’s education to assimilate whatever they learn with less difficulty. Teaching and learning materials serves as a catalyst in helping pupils to grasp concept and principles during the learning process.

There is an old Chinese proverb that says: “I see and I forget, I hear and I remember, I do and I understand”. This proverb attests to the fact that when pupils manipulate with teaching and learning materials (TLM) during the learning process, it helps them to understand into details whatever they learn. With brief introduction to the research topics that seek to use TLM to help pupils grasp the concept of measurement, the background to the study would proceed as follows:

CHECK THIS: Steps to pass through in order to carry out effective research process.

Mathematic has become one of the most important subjects studied around the world including Ghana. In the modern world, mathematics is been increasingly used in almost all the subjects and all levels of our educational ladder. During the year, the government organises mathematics and science quiz for students. Mathematics is a means of developing logical and qualitative thinking abilities. Some of the mathematical processes which we may develop include abstracting, generalising, classifying, symbolising just to mention a few. We learn mathematics to know about money. It help us to design and play games like oware, ludo, snakes and ladders etc. it also help us to be able to measure and do simply computations involving measurements.

Prampram was where the researcher had a teaching practice. It is found in the Greater-Accra region. The mean occupation of the people over there are fishing and trading. Prampram Methodist Basic is at Prampram. During the teaching of measurement of length in the class, it was observe that the pupils were finding problems with reading from the metre rule and converting one system international unit (SI unit) to another. Through this, I improvised a metre rule to help   pupils understand measurement of length in metre, centimetre and millimetres.

The Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary defines measurement as the act of finding the size, quantity or degree of something. It also defines length as the distance, size or something from one end to the other.

Statement of the Problem

Teaching of mathematics should not be teacher centred but should provide opportunities for pupils to take and contribute to make the lesson interesting to promote better understanding.

In a mathematics lesson on the topic “measurement on length in metres, centimetre sand millimeters, and the pupils were not able to measure and convert one metric system to another. As a result of this, the metre rule was design to help pupils understand the concept of measurement.

Purpose of the Study

Having identified the learning difficulty of the pupils at basic five at Prampram measuring length in metres, centimetres, and millimetres, and improvised metre rule was designed to address the problem.

CHECK THIS: Project Work: Lack of TLMs in teaching- Chapter one

Research Question

  1. Do teachers use TLM during the teaching of mathematics at Prampram Methodist Basic?
  2. Do teachers use activity or the lecture style during the teaching of mathematics?
  3. How many periods are allocated for the teaching of mathematics Prampram Methodist Basic at Prampram?
  4. How often do teachers give assignment to pupils after mathematics lessons?

Significance of the Study

The importance of this research is to help teachers to adopt various methods and strategies to improve the understanding of measurement of length in metres, centimetres and millimetres.

Another important reason is to make teaching and learning of measurement of length very interesting in order to stimulate pupils’ interest and understanding.


Due to the extreme scope of the topic, I found it essential to narrow the study of the following areas:

  1. The contact group shall be specifically twenty (20) pupils at basic five of Prampram Methodist Basic School.
  2. The content of the subject matter will be based on the measurement of length in metre, centimeters and millimetres.
  3. An improvised metre rule shall be used to explain the measuring concept.


In carrying out these studies, some problems were encountered.

  1. Due to fear of been laughed at, pupils felt reluctant to responds to questions during the intervention process.
  2. There was the issue of truancy and absenteeism due to the pupils on and off attitude in school.
  3. Lack of reference material during the research process.

CHECK THIS: CoE: Project Work Topics

Organisation of the study

The study is divided into five chapters which are as follows;

Chapter one covers the following (background to the study, statement of the problem, purpose of the study, research questions, significance of study, delimitations, limitation and organisation of the study).

Chapter two covers the review of the related literature.

Chapter three deal with the methodology.

Chapter four caters for the presentation research question.

Chapter covers the summary of the study, the presentation of the major findings and the making of suggestions to appropriate authorities.



Qweku Styles

Mommy and Daddy call me Chris. Colleagues call me Osei and more recent friends call me Kuffour. I choose both mom and dad as my favorite. I am a writer and freelancer. I happily share my experiences crisscrossing on social media. Follow us: Facebook: Legacynewsgh Twitter: @Alpha_Qweku Instagram: QwekuStyles WhatsApp: 0561354834/0593725660

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